Engineering and Environmental Sciences
Przegląd Naukowy Inżynieria i Kształtowanie Środowiska
Relation between CO2 emissions and crude oil combustion in Iraq
HASSAN, A.S., AZEEZ, H.M.
CO2 emission, crude oil, CO2 concentration, Iraq
Fossil fuel is the main source for CO2 emissions that causes global warming. This fact is the starting point for this paper, that consider on three different sources of data: crude oil used to calculate CO2 emissions for Iraq for the period from 1980 to 2018; annual data of total CO2 emissions available from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) for Iraq and the world for the period from 1980 to 2014; and CO2 concentrations for Iraq for the period from 2002 to 2006 and for the world for the period from 1980 to 2018. The result is a multifaceted according to the dataset sources. Carbon dioxide emissions calculated from Iraqi crude oil was increased from 1.29 Mt in 2012 to 1.97 Mt in 2018. The world and Iraq CO2 emissions with different slop of average line that was 0.5 for world, 0.003 for Iraq, while increased exponential function from 2008 to 2014 to reach 36 and 0.17 Mt, respectively. The highest value of Iraqi CO2 concentration was 403 ppm in 2016, while the global CO2 concentrations slowly increased with slop line equal to 1.75 ppm per year, from minimum value of 338.6 ppm was in 1980, while maximum value of 407.05 ppm was in 2018, that’s mean no decreased in CO2 concentration unless emissions addressed.
APA style references: Hassan, A.S. & Azeez, H.M. (2021). Relation between CO2 emissions and crude oil combustion in Iraq. Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 30 (3), 379-387. doi: 10.22630/PNIKS.2021.30.3.32
APA style citation in text: The first time citation in text: (Hassan & Azeez, 2021), next citation: (Hassan & Azeez, 2021)
Chicago style references: Hassan, Ahmed S., Hasan M. Azeez. "Relation between CO2 emissions and crude oil combustion in Iraq." Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 93 ser., vol. 30, no 3, (2021): 379-387. doi: 10.22630/PNIKS.2021.30.3.32.
Chicago style citation in text: (Hassan, and Azeez 2021)
Bibtxt style references: Bibtxt_utf8_93art1en.bib
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